If you have ever attempted to fly a toy helicopter, one of the first things you will notice is how difficult it is to control. Because there are no frictional forces holding it in place on the ground like there is on a remote control car, for example, the helicopter is free to spin about recklessly in the air. It is nearly impossible for an inexperienced user to be able to keep it pointing strait.
It wasn’t until the gyroscope helicopter was created that people were able to fly it as they were hoping to. The gyro helicopter uses an electric gyro to counteract any forces that would otherwise cause the copter to start spinning uncontrollably in the air.
How Does it Work?
The gyro in the helicopter detects movement in either direction and instantly counteracts that movement with an equivalent and opposite force. The two forces cancel each other out which allows the helicopter to remain straight while it is up in the air. The electronic gyro senses the movement and sends the signal to the tail, which then performs the correction. Any inexperienced user will be able to notice a huge difference in flying a gyro copter versus flying a normal copter.
There are two different types of gyros for helicopters. These types include the head lock gyroscopes, and the rate gyroscopes. We will go over each of these types below:
Every pilot has different preferences with the sensitivity of the gyro they are using. You will be able to adjust the sensitivity of the gyro by adjusting its gain settings. You can adjust the gain higher or lower to change the sensitivity to fit what you like. Turn the gain higher for increased sensitivity, or lower for decreased sensitivity. The higher the sensitivity, the more quickly it will adjust to movement changes.